Bluebell at Rouken Glen Park

Rare Plant Species at Rouken Glen Park

Rouken glen has some real floral treasures to be found by those with a keen eye.

During the summer months at the top of the park, next to the railway line, wild Orchids grow.  The early Purple Orchid (Orchis mascula), is the first of our Orchids to bloom from April to June.  The rarer Greater Butterfly Orchid (Platanthera clorantha) is a beautiful delicate white colour; it is night scented attracting nocturnal insects to pollinate its flowers.

Flowers at Rouken Glen

We are trying to manage the site where these special flowers grow by eradicating the Rosebay Willow Herb (Epilobium angustifolium) that is invading the meadow where the Orchids grow.

Volunteer conservation groups pull the Willow Herb out before it can flower and set seed.  This is a massive task as there is so much of this invasive plant to deal with.

Other Wild Plants

The Orange Hawkbit (Hieracium brunneocroceium) is another striking plant found in the same area where the Orchids grow.  It is also known as Fox and Cub due to its bright orange colour.  This tall perennial can be found on waste ground and hedgerows throughout the country.

Trees of Interest

  • Tree at RG

    Wellingtonia or Giant Redwood

  • Douglas Fir

  • English Yew

  • Hornbeam

  • Common Oak

  • Fern beech

  • Common Lime

  • Scots pine

Ancient Woodland Indicators

The trees and woodland in and around Rouken Glen have mostly been planted and managed by people.

A closer look at the ground flora tells us that this area, once upon a time, was home to beautiful ancient woodland with tall spreading oak trees, ash, elm and standards of birch growing on the edges.

Plants like Wood Anemone (Anenome nemorosa) are testament to this.  Another name for the Wood Anenome is the wind flower, from the Greek legend where Anemos the wind sent the Anemones in early spring to herald his coming.  The second part of the name nemorosa refers to the Latin word 'nemorosus' meaning tree covered or wooded.

Other indicators of ancient woodland are Wood Avens (Geum urbanum), Wood Sorrel (Oxalis acetosella) and Greater Wood Rush (Luzula sylvatica).